Interacting with place and mapping community needs to context: Comparing and triangulating multiple geospatial-qualitative methods using the Focus–Expand–Compare approach

Research article published on Sage Journals, in Methodological Innovations January-April 2021

AUTHORS: Su Aw, Gerald CH Koh, Yeon Ju Oh, Mee Lian Wong, Hubertus JM Vrijhoef, Susana C Harding, Mary Ann B Geronimo and Zoe J-l Hildon.


Geospatial-qualitative methods, which combine both observation and interpretative accounts during data collection through extended exposure and movement in place, have been increasingly used to explore “person–place” interactions and assess communities of place. Despite their increased use, there is a lack of reflexive discussion on how they differ in capturing person–place interactions and ways to combine them. Drawing on our experiences using three related methods—Photovoice, Walking through Spaces, and interactive Participatory Learning and Action exercise-led community focus groups— we compared the methodological advantages that each method brings to the construction of “place” and in exploring person–place interactions among the community of older adults living in a neighborhood of Singapore for a neighborhood assessment. We then illustrated how using a Focus–Expand–Compare approach for methodological triangulation can add
value in generating greater depth and breadth of perspectives on a topic of interest explored for intervention development.

Please find the complete article under the link.

Keywords: Methodological triangulation, person–place interactions, geospatial-qualitative methods, neighborhood assessments, older